What is the oldest language in the world? Tamil
Language, which enables people to convey ideas, emotions, creativity, and much more, is a crucial component of human communication. Nevertheless, no two speakers sound exactly the same even while speaking the same language. As a result, people may tell one another apart based on their voices, dialects, and accents.
According to Ethnologue, there are 7,151 languages spoken in the globe as of 2023. Only 23 of them are spoken by more than half the world's population. A third of all languages are considered to be endangered, which means that their speakers speak a different language as their primary language and that the endangered language may not be passed on to the following generation.
Tamil is the oldest language in the world currently in use today. Among linguistic communities, this fact is hotly contested. It is estimated that the first records of Tamil date from about 8000 BC and the 8th century AD. Sri Lanka and Southern India both have speakers of the Tamil language.
Tamil desiyam offers all information about Tamil Language, Tamil history and Tamil civilization. From our research work, we have shared the data about the oldest language in the world.
Below are the list of Oldest Languages in the world
1. Latin Language 2100 years old
Latin is a classical language belonging to the italic branch of the Indo-European languages, the Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets. Latin was originally spoken in Lygia in the Italian peninsula, old Latin refers to the Latin language in the period before 75 BC.
All Romance languages are descended from Latin and many words based on Latin are found in other modern languages such as English. Today Latin is taught in higher education courses and still injures
2. Armenian Language 2450 years old
The Armenian language is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenians, it is the official language of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, its language has a long literary history with a 5th century Bible translation is its oldest surviving text, the last text found makes it likely that Armenian began around 450 BC, to date Armenian is the mother tongue of over 5 million people.
3. Korea Language 2600 years old
Korean language is the official language of the Republic of Korea and Democratic People's Republic of Korea native speakers see 75 million 2008 2012, the Korean language dates back to 600 BC.
4. Hebrew Language 3000 years old
Hebrew is a language native to Israel spoken by over 9 million people worldwide of whom over 5 million are in Israel, it is over 3,000 years old originating around 1000 BC.
It is an ancient Semitic language and the official language of the State of Israel, for many years Hebrew was a written language mostly for sacred texts thereby given the name of Heli language. today it is both spoken
5. Aramaic Language 3000 years old
Aramaic Jeremiah Syriac is a family of languages or dialects belonging to the Semitic subfamily of the Afro-asiatic language family, more specifically it is part of the Northwest Semitic group which also includes the Canaanite languages such as Hebrew; and finishing research has shown that large parts of Hebrew and Arabic languages are borrowed from the Aramaic language, diplomatic documents between Aramean city-states dating back to the 10th century BC 1000 BC, prove this to be one of the oldest languages, modern
Aramaic in its various dialects is spoken in modern-day Iraq Iran Syria Israel Lebanon and the various Western countries to which the native speakers have emigrated including Russia Europe Australia and the United States
6. Chinese Language 3200 years old
Chinese is a group of related but in many cases mutually unintelligible language varieties perming a branch of the sino-tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the Han majority in many other ethnic groups in China, nearly 1.2 billion people around 16 percent of the world's population speak some form of Chinese as their first language dot the first written records of Chinese language date back 3,000 years to 1200 BC in the Zhuo dynasty.
Over time the Chinese language has evolved and nearly 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language, this is the most popular language spoken in the world.
7. Greek Language 3450 years old
Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages native degrees Western and north-eastern Asia Minor southern Italy Albania and Cyprus, it has the longest documented history of any living language spanning 34 centuries of written records, it's writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history, other systems such as linear B in the Cypress syllabary where used previously.
The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin Cyrillic Armenian Coptic gothic and many other writing systems, the earliest written evidence of the Greek language dates back to 1450 BC, Greek is mostly spoken in Greece Albania and Cyprus by roughly 13 million people, the Greek language has a long and rich history which makes it among the oldest of European languages
8. Sanskrit Language 3500 years old
Sanskrit is the primary sacred language of Hinduism and Mahayana Buddhism a philosophical language in Hinduism Jainism Buddhism and Sikhism and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in greater India, it is a standardised dialect of old Indo-Aryan originating his Vedic Sanskrit in tracing its linguistic ancestry back to proto-Indo-Iranian and proto-Indo-European.
Today it is listed as one of the twenty two scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand, as one of the oldest Indo-European languages for which substantial written documentation exists, Sanskrit holds a prominent position in Indo-European studies, researchers believe that Sanskrit which heavily influenced men European languages originated from Tamil.
Sanskrit is the classical language of India dating back to 3000 BC, Sanskrit is still one of India's official languages, although its use in the vernacular is limited.
9. Egyptian Language 4690 years old
Egyptian the language spoken in ancient Egypt was a branch of the Afro-asiatic language family, the earliest known complete written sentence in the Egyptian language has been dated to about 2690 BCE, making it one of the oldest recorded languages known along with Sumerian.
Egyptian was spoken until the late 17th century in the form of Coptic the national language of modern Egypt is Egyptian Arabic, which gradually replaced Coptic is the language of daily life in the centuries after the Muslim conquest of Egypt.
Egyptian is the oldest known language of Egypt, it comes from the Afro-asiatic language family tomb walls bearing autobiographical writings in old Egyptian have been found dating back to 2600 2,000 BC, there is considerable and varied literature in Egyptian, today Egyptian survives as the liturgical language of the Coptic church.
10. Tamil Language 5000 years old
Tamil is the oldest language in the world and first language in the World predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka and also by the Tamil diaspora Sri Lankan lures burgers and chin Diane's.
Tamil is an official language of two countries Singapore and Sri Lanka, it has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Indian Union territory of Puducherry.
It is also used as one of the languages of Education in Malaysia along with English Malay and Mandarin, in India outside of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. Other Languages have taken many words from Tamil language, for example - Mr. Mannar Mannan a history researcher has proved that; the English word Cash was derived from Tamil word 'Kaasu'.
Tamil is also spoken in the states of Kerala and Andaman and Nicobar Islands as a secondary language and by significant minorities in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, it is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India, it was declared as a classical language by the Government of India in 2004.
Frequently Asked Question
Which is the oldest language in the world?
Tamil Language is 5000 years old and is proved to be the oldest language in the world.
What are the important findings in Tamil language?
Siddha medicine was found in Tamil language, that can be used to cure diseases without side effects.